The most common skincare mistake is not knowing your skin type. There are four basic skin types – dry, oily, combination, and normal. Using the wrong products can lead to irritation, or create a skin type you wouldn’t otherwise have.
So how do you determine your skin type? It’s as easy as washing your face with warm water and a gentle cleanser. Pat your face dry and leave your skin to sit for about 30 minutes without applying any additional products. Assess your skin closely. How does it feel? Are your pores visible? If your face feels tight and your pores are barely visible, you may have dry skin. Oily skin is typically shiny with visible pores, while combination skin is just that, a combination of oily and dry skin patches on different areas of the face.
Now, let’s break it down.
As mentioned, dry skin typically feels tight, and has small, or no visible pores. Skin may also look dull. Our skin loses it’s ability to produce oil as we age. Those in the mid 30’s and older tend to lean toward dry skin.
You’ll want to stay away from products containing alcohol, as alcohol can strip skin of natural oils. Those who live in dry climates may want to use a humidifier for your home. If you have dry skin, be sure to keep your face hydrated. Remember dry skin is prone to wrinkling.
The skin’s sebaceous glands produce an oil called sebum. When too much sebum is produced, the result is oily skin. This overproduction blocks pores and makes the skin look greasy. Your flawlessly applied morning face now looks shiny. Oily skin can also be caused by stress and hormonal changes.
If you have oily skin you’ll want to avoid oil-based facial products, as well as those containing alcohol. Because alcohol can strip the skin of oils, your skin will sense the dryness and in turn produce more oils. A common mistake is to skip the moisturizer. As with using alcohol, your skin will start to produce more oil if it senses dryness.
Those with combination skin tend to be oily around the T-zone (forehead and nose), and dry on the cheeks and other areas.
You’ll want to use different products to target the different areas of the skin, again, staying away from alcohol.
If you have normal skin, you’re one of the lucky few. You have the ideal skin type! Your skin is smooth and balanced with an even complexion.
While normal skin is easy to care you, remember to keep the skin well hydrated and stay away from products that may cause the skin to become imbalanced.